Common Foot Problems

There are many kinds of common foot problems, and below are just some of it. Some of these foot problems can cause foot odour.

Plantar Fasciitis
When there is certainly increased stress within the arch, microscopic tears can occur within the plantar fascia, usually at its attachment on the heel. This results in inflammation and pain with standing and walking and sometimes at rest. It always causes pain and stiffness on the underside of your heel.

An enlargement on the side of the foot near the base of the big toe (hallux). The enlargement is made from a bursa (fluid filled sac) under the skin. The term bunion is also commonly used to explain a structural (bony) deformity called hallux abducto valgus (HAV). Bunions could be painful and can be aggravated by activity and wearing tight shoes.

Within the foot, a neuroma is known as a nerve that becomes irritated and swells up. If the nerve stays irritated, it can become thickened which makes the nerve larger and causes more irritation. Pain from the neuroma is frequently felt on the ball of your foot.

Corns & Callouses
Corns and callouses are areas of thick, hard skin. They usually develop due to rubbing or irritation over a boney prominence. The hard, thick skin is called a corn if it is in your toe. It is also called a callous if it is some other place in your foot. This is not harmful at all. In fact this is a part of the defense mechanism of our body where the skin is consistently exposed to rubbing. So instead of having a sore, the skin produces really thick and hard skins. The only bad thing with this one is that it is not very nice to look at and not nice to feel.

Toenail Fungus (onychomycosis)
This is another of the common foot problems - Fungi grows in a warm, moist and dark environment (like inside a shoe). A fungal infection inside your toenails may cause the nails to be discolored, thickened, crumbly or loose. There can be different causes and it is difficult to relieve due to the hardness of the toenail. This can sometimes cause serious bad foot odor.

Ingrown Toenail (onychocryptosis)
An ingrown toenail can occur for various reasons. The sides or corners on the toenail usually curve down and put pressure within the skin. Sometimes the toenail pierces the skin after which continues growing into the skin. This may cause redness, swelling, pain and sometimes infection. There are two main remedies for this problem, have someone to cut the ingrown toenail, or let it grow well again into your skin. Though the latter may be painful for a while, once it adopted back to the skin, your pain will be ease, and you will not have ingrown problems again unless you cut it again.

Hammer Toes
A hammer toe is also sometimes known as a claw toe or mallet toe. It involves a deformity on the toe where there is certainly an imbalance inside the pull of the tendons. Either the tendon on top of the toe pulls harder or the tendon on the underside of the toe pulls harder. This leads to a curling up of the toe.

Plantar Warts (plantar verucca)
Plantar warts are the result of a virus. Plantar means bottom among the foot, but warts can occur other places within the foot and toes as well. Plantar warts could be painful depending on where these are located. Sometimes they may be mistaken for callouses because layers of hard skin can build up over the wart.

Athlete's Foot (tinea pedis)
Athlete's foot is a common skin condition that could affect everyone, not just athletes. It is caused by a fungus. It could cause redness, itchiness, tiny bumps filled with fluid or peeling skin. It can be most commonly located between the toes or on the underside on the feet. This can also cause terrible foot odor because body fluids may come out from the infected areas.

Achilles Tendonitis
Achilles tendonitis involves inflammation of Achilles tendon. If the tendon stays inflamed long enough, it often leads to thickening for the tendon. Sometimes nodules or bumps can form in the tendon. Achilles tendonitis can become a long-term problem or often leads to rupture of the tendon.

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